What happens after June 8th?
1. Form a Government
After the election there will be 650 MPs that will have been elected by YOUR VOTES. If one party obtains more than 326 MPs they have a majority of the votes and therefore can pass laws. This party will form a government. If no single party has the right amount of MPs then this is called a hung parliament and a coalition government (of two or more parties) can be formed or another election called.
The person that leads the Government is usually the leader of the party that won the election, they become the Prime Minister. They then choose a cabinet made of 18 senior ministers who are formally called Secretary of States. They are the people in charge of the day to day running of all the departments as well as presenting laws on their areas to Parliament. These include things like Education, International Development, Health and are very important.
2. Pass laws
The Government first begin by publishing their ideas for policy on a certain area. (for this example we will use the government wanting more control over gloves) This publication is called a “green paper” and goes out for consultation with the public and affected parties such as in our example, glove manufacturers and glove shops.
They then publish a more concrete plan for what they want to do based on the feedback received on the green paper. This is called a “white paper” and is voted on in private by the Cabinet. If it gets approval it passes on to the next stage.
A proposal for a law is drawn up formally to be presented to Parliament for debate and scrutiny. This is called a “bill”. In our example the bill might be called the Glove Regulation Bill. It passes through several stages of scrutiny including opportunities for debate in both the House of Commons (where the MPs debate) and the House of Lords (where the unelected Lords debate but cannot stop laws). It passes back and forth between the houses before agreement is reached and once it has approval from both houses it passes on to the next stage.
It is then sent to the monarch (currently HM the Queen) who gives the bill “royal assent” which makes the bill an “act of parliament” and in our example the Glove Regulation Act 2017 would become law.
Parliament is not a congress of ambassadors from different and hostile interests; which interests each must maintain, as an agent and advocate, against other agents and advocates; but parliament is a deliberative assembly of one nation, with one interest, that of the whole; where, not local purposes, not local prejudices ought to guide, but the general good, resulting from the general reason of the whole. You choose a member indeed; but when you have chosen him, he is not a member of Bristol, but he is a member of parliament.
Right Hon. Edmund Burke (1834)
In other news…
Another week over, more policies announced and pledges made, here are some of the highlights.
- Promised not to raise VAT
- Pledged to reform mental healthcare in the UK, with 10,000 more staff working in mental treatment by 2020. This would include changing the Equalities Act and Mental Health Act to stop people with mental health problems being discriminated against.
- Released a 10 point “Clean Air Checklist” with plans to reduce air pollution in the UK.
- Pledged to invest £2bn in renovating and creating safe cycling and walking routes paid for by creating environmental taxes and scrapping the Government’s new roads programme.
- Promised not to raise VAT
- Pledged to introduce “tougher standards” to help renters and ensure that rental property is “fit for human habitation”
- Promised not to raise taxes for people earning under £80,000
- Pledged to rise income tax by 1p on all bands to pay for £6bn extra funding for the NHS. (This would be in addition to funding already pledged by the current Government)
- Pledged to scrap the Winter Fuel allowance for wealthy pensioners in order to pay for the so called “triple lock” on pensions.
- Pledged to reduce the foreign aid spending from 0.7% of GDP to 0.2% of GDP
- Pledged to get rid of the BBC license fee and replace it with a voluntary contribution and add adverts to some BBC programming.
- Said that they are the only party who would stand “against Tory cuts”
- Called for Wales to be able to grant it’s own visas in order to “attract the necessary skillset to build the Welsh economy”
-Henry Wright, year 13.
*THIS ARTICLE IS TAKEN FROM OUR HEAD BOY HENRY’S PAGE https://www.facebook.com/youthvoteUK17/?hc_ref=NEWSFEED – here he publishes impartial and unbiased facts abut each political party to help young people decide who to vote for on June 8th.*